Useful Papers

Production and consumption

The type of production practices a farmer country engages in and the type of fish a population consumes are largely affected by initial resource endowments. As a result it is difficult to make sweeping market generalisations about the industry’s production methods and consumers’ preferences. Therefore the best approach is to understand the market is to take a regional and then country-specific slant.

Information on Africa
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/a0874e/a0874e01.pdf
Information on Asia
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/a0597e/a0597e00.pdf
Information on the EU25
http://www.fas.usda.gov/gainfiles/200601/146176677.pdf
Information on Sub-Saharan Africa
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/a0619e/a0619e00.pdf
Information on North America
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/a0636e/a0636e00.pdf
Industry forecast
http://www.globefish.org/files/Circular1001_179.pdf
Trade
Trade in fish products is growing exponentially and developing countries’ share of global trade has steadily increased since the 1990s.
http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/a0874e/a0874e00.htm 

Regulatory issues

Tariffs and non-tariffs barriers play a role in shaping trade patterns. Countries use tariff barriers and non-tariffs barriers to protect domestic farmers from imported goods. Tariffs increase the price of imported goods compared to domestic goods, thereby giving domestic producers a relative price advantage. The EU’s tariff rates can be accessed at TARIC and the US’ at the US Department of Agriculture.

Non-tariff barriers usually take the form of strict sanitary and phytosanitary measures or adherence to certification measures, such as 1SO 9000 standards. Non-tariff barriers increase a producer’s costs throughout the supply chain due to the complexity of the processes that he/she must adhere to and the bureaucratic cost of ensuring that procedures are documented.  The following articles mostly cover non-tariff barriers as they have a greater influence on the trade of high-value agricultural (HVA) products. 

Information on the EU market
http://www.cbi.nl/marketinfo/cbi/index.php?action=showDetails&id=1080
http://www.cbi.nl/marketinfo/cbi/?action=showDetails&id=2584
http://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/itd/eu-rta.pd

Information traceability issues in the US market
http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aer830/aer830.pdf
http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/agoutlook/jan2002/ao288f.pdf

Information on labelling issues in the US market
http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/WRS04/jan04/wrs0402/

For a comparative study on the US and EU’s tariff measures
http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/WRS04/Apr04/WRS040501/WRS040501.pdf

Information on developing countries’ preferential treatment:
http://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/itd/gspandsdt-readings.pdf 

Way forward

The papers below are case studies that showcase a number of countries’ initiatives to create critical mass in their domestic industries by forming associations to pool scarce resources. 
www.cefas.co.uk/Publications/marketing/aqua1.pdf
ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/009/a0974e/a0974e08.pdf
https://kb.osu.edu/dspace/bitstream/1811/23541/1/V093N1_019 

Associations

Southern African sub-office of Infopeche, Erik Hempel, Private Bag X 13355, Kenya House, Robert Mugabe Avenue,, 4th Floor, Windhoek, Namibia
Aquaculture Council of Western Australia (ACWA) http://www.aquaculturecouncilwa.com/
Aquacultural Engineering Society http://www.aesweb.org/
Australian Aquaculture Centre http://www.aquaculture.com.au/
California Aquaculture Association http://aqua.ucdavis.edu/organizations/caa.html
Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance http://www.aquaculture.ca/
Federation of European Aquaculture Producers http://www.feap.info/feap/
Global Aquaculture Alliance http://www.gaalliance.org
Maine Aquaculture Innovation Center (MAIC) http://www.maineaquaculture.org