Copper remained Zambia's main foreign exchange earner for the review period, although its contribution dropped from 72% of total export earnings in 2000 to 65% in 2005. The share of NTEs within Zambia's trade basket increased as a result of the increased exports of copper products, such as copper wires and copper rods, along with the partial success of the government's diversification programme and the increased demand for Zambian goods regionally and internationally.
The Zambian government has adopted a trade policy that is viewed as a poverty reduction tool. With improving metal prices, as well as production and NTE prices, the performance of Zambia's export sector is poised to continue growing. In addition, the government, with the assistance of cooperating partners, has initiated a public-private partnership-driven export promotion strategy, which is envisaged to assist the country in further improving its export performance.